桓檀古記의 歷史性과 史學史的 意義
“The Hwandangogi’s Historicity and Its Significance in the History of Historiography”
|초록||『환단고기』는 1979년 공개되자마자 위서 논쟁에 휩싸였다. 『환단고기』
를 위서로 몬 것은 주로 대학 강단에 서는 학자들이었다. 이들의 논리는 당시까지의
연구결과와 『환단고기』의 내용이 다르다는 이유로 위서로 몰았다. 『환단고기』 위서
론은 시기에 집중되어 있는데, 하나는 1979년 공개 당시에 만들어진 위서라는 것이
다. 다른 하나는 『환단고기』 서문에서 간행연도라고 밝힌 1911년 당시 만들어진
위서라는 것이다. 심지어 『환단고기』를 간행한 계연수가 가짜라는 주장도 있었지만
이는 사실이 아닌 것으로 밝혀졌다.
첫째 『환단고기』가 1979년 공개 당시 만들어진 위서라는 것에 대해서 살펴보자.
『환단고기』의 주요 내용들은 1920년대
|키워드||환단고기, 위서, 홍만종, 이종휘, 동국역대총목, 동사본기|
|Abstract||Once released in 1979, 『Hwandangogi』has been located at one of the controversial
issues in Korea. Historians in academia has mainly led negative views on this book.
According to them, the writer, Kye Yonsu, was nothing but a fictitious character. Of
course, he was a real person in history. Nonetheless, the main points on their criticism is
related to its composition date as a historical record. They have claimed that the book was
written in either 1979 or 1911. Such perspective has played a key roles in treating it as a
forgery. However, both claims can be contested as follows. First, the book was not
published in 1979, because some contents were already shared by the independence
activists in 1920s. Also, the song, called, 'OA', only found in this book, was already widely
sung by them, with the title, ‘DanGunSinGa’. Second, if it was written in 1911, any content
should have been contained in other records published before it. Still, a lot of its materials
were already discovered in books written hundreds of years ago: the Chosun period. For
instance, 『Hwandangogi』 contains historical narratives about Buru, son of Dangun. He
was found in the history books such as『Donggukyeokdaechongmok (Table of contents of
Korean History century)』 and 『Dongsabongi (Annals of the Korean History)』
transcribed in the 17th and 18th century. In this regard, the claim – 『Hwandangogi』is
entirely a forged book – is not the right approach to research history.
key words : Hwandangogi, pseudograph(=false writing), HongManJong, LeeJongHwi,
Table of contents of Korean History, Annals of the Korean History
|Keywords||Hwandangogi, pseudograph(=false writing), HongManJong, LeeJongHwi, Table of contents of Korean History, Annals of the Korean History|